Roth Research 2014
Stress during Thermal Cooling on Physical Aging of Polymer Glasses
How stress imparts mobility to glasses is an ongoing subject of debate in soft matter. Many experiments and simulations have shown that stress or strain applied to polymers, colloids, granular materials, etc. in the glassy state leads to enhanced mobility. In some cases, such deformation can even appear to erase past physical aging as if "rejuvenating" the glass. How deformation imparts mobility to glasses is a process often described by an potential energy landscape 'tilting' mechanism, where the applied stress is thought to reduce energy barriers, allowing the system to transition to a higher energy state.
Stability of Polymer Glasses Vitrified Under Stress
Laura A.G. Gray and C.B. Roth, Soft Matter 2014, 10, 1572-1578.
We have investigated for the first time the impact of applying stress during vitrification, i.e., formation of a glass during thermal cooling, on the subsequent physical aging. We find that the subsequent stability of the glassy system is affected by the stress applied on cooling, even after the stress has been removed. The data show an initial plateau in aging rate at low stresses that quickly transitions to a much higher aging rate at high stresses. Above a minimum threshold in stress, the aging rate appears to plateau at a higher value indicative of a less stable glass. Following the potential energy landscape picture used to describe nonequilibrium glasses, we suggest that a glassy system formed under high stress is left trapped in a higher, shallower energy minimum with a corresponding faster physical aging rate.